Properties of Matter
General Properties of Matter
Mass is the amount
of matter in an object.
Inertia is the resistance of an object ot changes in its motion.
Weight is the response of mass to the
pull of gravity. Gravity is the force of attraction between objects.
Volume is the amount of space an object
Density is the mass per unit volume of an object.
The ratio of the mass of a substance to the mass of
an equal volume of water is called specific gravity.
Phases of Matter
A physical porperty can be observed without changing
the identity of the substance.
A solid has a definite shape and volume.
A liquid has a definite volume but no
definite shape. A liquid takes the shape of its container.
A gas does not have a definite shape or a definite
A physical change is a change in which physical properties of a substance are altered but
the substance remains the same kind of matter.
Phase changes are physical changes.
Temperature does not rise during a phase change.
Chemical properties describe how a substance changes into other new substances.
A chemical change produces
a new and different substance.
A chemical reaction produces a new substance with new and different physical and chemical
Matter is never destroyed in a chemical reaction. The same number of particles still exist.