•Chapter Review
The land between two normal faults may be uplifted to form a …

Fault block mountain


A fold in rock that bends upward into an arch


The point beneath Earth’s surface where rock breaks under stress and triggers an earthquake


waves are also known as …

Secondary waves


The type of seismic waves that arrive at the surface first and move by compressing and expanding the ground like an accordion

Primary waves

Compared to P waves and S waves, surface waves move…


Which scale would most likely be used to tell how much earthquake damage was done to homes and other buildings?


What does a seismograph record?

The magnitude of seismic waves

What can cause damage days or months after a large earthquake?


If the Coast Guard warns of a giant wave of water approaching the shore as a result of a major earthquake, they are warning of …


A building designed to reduce the amount of energy that reaches the building during an earthquake is called a

Base-isolated building

The best way to protect yourself in an earthquake is to …

Drop, cover, and hold.

Any change in the volume or shape of Earth’s crust is called


A large area of flat land elevated high above sea level is called a


In what direction do seismic waves carry the energy of an earthquake?

Away from the focus

The rating system that estimates the total energy released by an earthquake is called the

Moment magnitude scale


Given a drawing of footwall and hanging wall, be prepared to identify :

the footwall and hangingwall 

the type of fault

the type of stress associated with the fault

the relative motion of the footwall and hangingwall 


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